Skip to main content

Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

See other formats

The struggle of Warsaw brought to the surface the truth regarding the
incompatibility between the Soviet and the Anglo-Saxon Powers over the
question of the exploitation of victory, a state of aifairs which the res-
peciive Foreign Off ces had managed to bury so thoroughly until that
moment. The be sic differences connected with the projects for the new
world order were revealed as Warsaw burnt, and through its smoke the
planned Russian aggression at last became clear to the nian-in-the-street.
Britain had not entered the war in 1939 because of any special sympathy
for the Poles, but as a result of her conviction that aggression, even in that
distant coiner of Europe, was a menace to her peace and well-being. In
August,, 1944, Warsaw showed the British and American people that,
while one aggressor battered the unfortunate city, the other was waiting
for the moment to exploit the murderer's deed for his own purpose. It
was disturbing to watch Moscow's intentions with regard to Poland,, how
she began to determine that couniry's frontiers, not only between Russia
and Poland, but the Polish-German frontier as well., without consulting
the Polish people. It was disturbing to watch Moscow doing its best to
give Poland only as much fi integrity and independence' as her whim,
dictated, choosing a ' government5 for Poland, placing Comintern agents
at the head and an ex-criminal as the C.-in-C., and then concluding a
treaty with this e government,' on the basis of which territories were
annexed, and millions of people were to be removed from their homes.
If, in the August and September of 1944, there still existed some who
believed that Russia would tolerate a State which might be called a truly
independent Poland, those dreams must surely have faded in the smoke
which hung over Warsaw; and with them the belief that, after Germany's
defeat, there would be no more obstacles to the introduction of the
e blessed peace ' in Europe. The events in the Polish capital speeded up
the recognition of the fact that the Allied Governments at this stage,
thinking in terms of c expediency * and the war with Japan, were in the
full swing of power politics.
The events which had occurred and the news which came from the
Warsaw rising, were beyond justification or possibility of understanding
according to any Western standards. The Red troops5 action — their
bloody liquidation of the Polish Home Army, even while that Army was
fighting against the Germans ; the attack on General B6r, who was called
a 6 traitor' because he fought just as General Mikhaioyvich had been
termed a e traitor' because he did not fight (according to the Soviets),
and the continued lack of assistance for Warsaw, could not be explained
away as the conduct of genuine Allies.
History shows no precedent where a country, under strong pressure
from its powerful Allies, placed half a million soldiers—the flower of the
nation, trained and organised in the Underground, at the disposal of an
army entering that country's territory. Nor has there been an instance